Building & Construction

The Building and Construction industry is a major sector in which ICT is fragmented. The diversity and heterogeneity of systems and applications in place is large, making a scenario of strong intra- and inter-enterprise interoperability challenges. The Building Information Model (BIM) paradigm, as it has been encouraged to be implemented, is a vehicle to address these challenges. However, its implementation in the global, heterogeneous environment is not an easy task, and requires great effort in terms of interoperability. Implementing BIM according to the Model Driven Architecture reduces the complexity, as it provides different levels of abstraction, from the business enterprise requirements, down to the platform specific implementations. Although, the transformation from the Computational-Independent Model (CIM) to Platform-Specific Model (PSM) is not easily achieved, tools for proper transformation of the models and respective data can be valuable and efficiently aid the task.

 

Nevertheless, interfacing with BIM introduces another layer of complexity, again mostly due to the heterogeneity of the systems and applications that need to interface with it. Thus, the adoption of a cluster of proper services that can offer in a unique way, and on the Web, the functionality needs for the adoption of BIM, is relevant. Cloud computing is a style of computing in which dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources are provided as a service over the Internet. Users need not have knowledge of, expertise in, or control over the technology infrastructure in the “cloud” that supports them. The concept generally incorporates combinations of infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), software as a service (SaaS), etc. Thus, the implementation of BIM under such a “cloud” paradigm would be important in accelerating the B&C industry to realize the Single Electronic Market.